- capture[capture 词源字典]
- capture:  Along with its relatives captive, captivity, captivate, and captor, capture is the English language’s most direct lineal descendant of Latin capere ‘take, seize’ (others include capable, case for carrying things, cater, and chase, and heave is distantly connected). First to arrive was captive , which was originally a verb, meaning ‘capture’; it came via Old French captiver from Latin captīvus, the past participle of capere.
Contemporary in English was the adjectival use of captive, from which the noun developed. (The now archaic caitiff  comes from the same ultimate source, via an altered Vulgar Latin *cactivus and Old French caitiff ‘captive’.) Next on the scene was capture, in the 16th century; originally it was only a noun, and it was not converted to verbal use until the late 18th century, when it replaced captive in this role.
Also 16th-century is captivate, from the past participle of late Latin captivāre, a derivative of captīvus; this too originally meant ‘capture’, a sense which did not die out until the 19th century: ‘The British … captivated four successive patrols’, John Neal, Brother Jonathan 1825.
=> captive, cater, chase, cop, heave[capture etymology, capture origin, 英语词源]
- capture (n.)
- 1540s, from Middle French capture "a taking," from Latin captura "a taking" (especially of animals), from captus (see captive).
- capture (v.)
- 1795, from capture (n.); in chess, checkers, etc., 1820. Related: Captured; capturing. Earlier verb in this sense was captive (early 15c.).