abandon

英 [ə'bænd(ə)n] 美 [ə'bændən]
  • n. 狂热;放任
  • vt. 遗弃;放弃
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abandon 遗弃,抛弃

来自法语短语 a bandon. 前缀a-同ad-, 去,往。-band, 意愿。原指置于别人的意愿之下,任人处置,后喻指遗弃,词源同ban,命令,禁止, 同phone, 说,命令。

abandon
abandon: [14] The Old French verb abandoner is the source of abandon. It was based on a bandon, meaning literally ‘under control or jurisdiction’, which was used in the phrase mettre a bandon ‘put someone under someone else’s control’ – hence ‘abandon them’. The word bandon came, in altered form, from Latin bannum ‘proclamation’, which is circuitously related to English banns ‘proclamation of marriage’ and is an ancestor of contraband.
=> banns, contraband
abandon (v.)
late 14c., "to give up, surrender (oneself or something), give over utterly; to yield (oneself) utterly (to religion, fornication, etc.)," from Old French abandoner (12c.), from adverbial phrase à bandon "at will, at discretion," from à "at, to" (see ad-) + bandon "power, jurisdiction," from Latin bannum, "proclamation," from a Frankish word related to ban (v.).
Mettre sa forest à bandon was a feudal law phrase in the 13th cent. = mettre sa forêt à permission, i.e. to open it freely to any one for pasture or to cut wood in; hence the later sense of giving up one's rights for a time, letting go, leaving, abandoning. [Auguste Brachet, "An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language," transl. G.W. Kitchin, Oxford, 1878]
Etymologically, the word carries a sense of "put someone under someone else's control." Meaning "to give up absolutely" is from late 14c. Related: Abandoned; abandoning.
abandon (n.)
"a letting loose, surrender to natural impulses," 1822, from a sense in French abandon (see abandon (v.). Borrowed earlier (c. 1400) from French in a sense "(someone's) control;" and compare Middle English adverbial phrase at abandon, i.e. "recklessly," attested from late 14c.
1. The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.
全体船员秩序井然地准备弃船。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The market might abandon the stock, and knock down its price.
市场可能会抛售该股票,从而令其股价下跌。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.
因为担心破产,该计划的投资者决定放弃这个项目。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Their decision to abandon the trip was made because of financial constraints.
他们决定放弃这次出游是因为财力有限。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Abandon hope all ye who enter here.
汝等进入此地,须弃绝希望。

来自柯林斯例句

[ abandon 造句 ]