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来自古法语短语 à bandon，由 à（at，to）+ bandon（权力，管辖权）组成，字面意思就是“使自己处于……的管辖之下”，常用来表示放弃自己的权利、独立性或应尽的义务。其中法语单词 bandon（权力）与英语单词 ban（禁令）有关，而 ban 原本指的是封建领主在自己的领地上拥有管辖权，可以发布公告，要求或禁止人们做什么。同源词：ban（禁令），banish（放逐），bandit（强盗、法外之徒），contraband（走私、禁运品），banns（ 结婚预告）。
- abandon:  The Old French verb abandoner is the source of abandon. It was based on a bandon, meaning literally ‘under control or jurisdiction’, which was used in the phrase mettre a bandon ‘put someone under someone else’s control’ – hence ‘abandon them’. The word bandon came, in altered form, from Latin bannum ‘proclamation’, which is circuitously related to English banns ‘proclamation of marriage’ and is an ancestor of contraband.
=> banns, contraband
- abandon (v.)
- late 14c., "to give up, surrender (oneself or something), give over utterly; to yield (oneself) utterly (to religion, fornication, etc.)," from Old French abandoner (12c.), from adverbial phrase à bandon "at will, at discretion," from à "at, to" (see ad-) + bandon "power, jurisdiction," from Latin bannum, "proclamation," from a Frankish word related to ban (v.).
Mettre sa forest à bandon was a feudal law phrase in the 13th cent. = mettre sa forêt à permission, i.e. to open it freely to any one for pasture or to cut wood in; hence the later sense of giving up one's rights for a time, letting go, leaving, abandoning. [Auguste Brachet, "An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language," transl. G.W. Kitchin, Oxford, 1878]
Etymologically, the word carries a sense of "put someone under someone else's control." Meaning "to give up absolutely" is from late 14c. Related: Abandoned; abandoning.
- abandon (n.)
- "a letting loose, surrender to natural impulses," 1822, from a sense in French abandon (see abandon (v.). Borrowed earlier (c. 1400) from French in a sense "(someone's) control;" and compare Middle English adverbial phrase at abandon, i.e. "recklessly," attested from late 14c.
- 1. The officers and crew prepared to abandon ship in an orderly fashion.
- 2. The market might abandon the stock, and knock down its price.
- 3. The scheme's investors, fearful of bankruptcy, decided to abandon the project.
- 4. Their decision to abandon the trip was made because of financial constraints.
- 5. Abandon hope all ye who enter here.
[ abandon 造句 ]