- n. 北美野牛；欧洲野牛
- n. (Bison)人名；(法、德)比松
来自PIE *weis, 流，散发臭味，词源同virus, 病毒。指野牛身上流出的腥味。字母r,s音变。
- bison:  Bison appears to be of Germanic origin, from a stem *wisand- or *wisund-. This became Old English wesand, which did not survive; and it was acquired again in the 19th century as wisent, borrowed from German wisent, applied to the ‘aurochs’, an extinct species of European wild ox. The b- form came into English via Latin bison, a borrowing from the Germanic. Originally of course referring to the European bison, the term was first applied to the North American species at the end of the 17th century.
- bison (n.)
- c. 1600, from French bison (15c.), from Latin bison "wild ox," borrowed from Proto-Germanic *wisand- "aurochs" (cognates: Old Norse visundr, Old High German wisunt "bison," Old English/Middle English wesend, which is not attested after c. 1400). Possibly ultimately of Baltic or Slavic origin, and meaning "the stinking animal," in reference to its scent while rutting (see weasel). A European wild ox formerly widespread on the continent, including the British Isles, now surviving on forest reserves in Lithuania. Applied 1690s to the North American species commonly mis-called a buffalo.
- 1. a herd of bison
- 2. In the year 1700, about 60 million bison wandered freely in North America.
- 3. Large herds of bison used to live on the plains of North America.
- 4. Reindeer receded northward and eastward, and bison and horse followed.
- 驯鹿向北方和东方撤退, 野牛和马也随之而去.
来自英汉非文学 - 历史
- 5. Herds of bison live in the park.
[ bison 造句 ]