- n. 性格，品质；特性；角色；[计] 字符
- vt. 印，刻；使具有特征
- n. (Character)人名；(英)克拉克特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自PIE*gher, 刻，写，刮, 进一步来自PIE*sker, 切，砍，词源同carve, graph, scribe. 即刻进骨子里的特征。
- character:  The ultimate source of character is Greek kharaktér, a derivative of the verb kharássein ‘sharpen, engrave, cut’, which in turn came from kharax ‘pointed stake’. Kharaktér meant ‘engraved mark’, and hence was applied metaphorically to the particular impress or stamp which marked one thing as different from another – its ‘character’. The word came into English via Latin charactēr and Old French caractere. Characteristic followed in the 17th century.
- character (n.)
- mid-14c., carecter, "symbol marked or branded on the body;" mid-15c., "symbol or drawing used in sorcery," from Old French caratere "feature, character" (13c., Modern French caractère), from Latin character, from Greek kharakter "engraved mark," also "symbol or imprint on the soul," also "instrument for marking," from kharassein "to engrave," from kharax "pointed stake," from PIE root *gher- (4) "to scrape, scratch." Meaning extended in ancient times by metaphor to "a defining quality."
You remember Eponina, who kept her husband alive in an underground cavern so devotedly and heroically? The force of character she showed in keeping up his spirits would have been used to hide a lover from her husband if they had been living quietly in Rome. Strong characters need strong nourishment. [Stendhal "de l'Amour," 1822]Meaning "sum of qualities that define a person" is from 1640s. Sense of "person in a play or novel" is first attested 1660s, in reference to the "defining qualities" he or she is given by the author. Meaning "a person" in the abstract is from 1749; especially "eccentric person" (1773). Colloquial sense of "chap, fellow" is from 1931. The Latin ch- spelling was restored from 1500s. Character actor attested from 1861; character assassination from 1888; character-building (n.) from 1886.
- 1. I didn't know Ron had that much strength of character.
- 2. Michael Fish is my favourite. He's a hoot, a real character.
- 3. He is the least appealing character, to me at any rate.
- 4. The town itself was full of life and character.
- 5. Somewhere deep beneath the surface lay a caring character.
[ character 造句 ]