- crayfish:  The crayfish is related etymologically as well as biologically to the crab. The Old High German word for ‘crab’ was krebiz (source of modern German krebs). This was borrowed into Old French as crevice (modern French has preserved the variant form écrevisse), and transmitted to Middle English as crevis. Association of the final syllable with fish led by the 16th century to its transformation to crayfish (a variant Middle English form cravis became crawfish).
=> crab, crawfish
- crayfish (n.)
- "small, freshwater lobster," early 14c., crevis, from Old French crevice "crayfish" (13c., Modern French écrevisse), probably from Frankish *krebitja or a similar Germanic word that is a diminutive form of the root of crab (n.1); compare Old High German krebiz "crab, shellfish," German Krebs. Modern spelling is 16c., under influence of fish (n.).
- 1. We don't have oysters tonight, but the crayfish are very good.
- 2. We do not have oysters tonight, but the crayfish are very good.
- 3. Crayfish looks like langostines but is not as tasty.
- 4. BOY: How come so many crayfish live under the rocks and stuff?
- 男孩: 为什么这么多小龙虾住在岩石和那些东西下面?
- 5. The red swamp crayfish carries the virus of a deadly fungal disease.
[ crayfish 造句 ]