TEM8 IELTS TOEFL
1. post- 后 + hum 土，埋藏，引申为死→死后的。
- posthumous:  Latin postumus functioned as a superlative form of post ‘after’, and meant ‘last of all’. It was often applied to a child ‘born after the death of its father’, as being the final offspring that man could possibly have, and so began to pick up associations with the ‘period after death’. This led in turn to the perception of a link with humus ‘ground’ (source of English humble and humus) and humāre ‘bury’, and so postumus became posthumus. English adapted it direct from Latin.
- posthumous (adj.)
- mid-15c., "born after the death of the originator" (author or father), from Late Latin posthumus, from Latin postumus "last, last-born," superlative of posterus "coming after, subsequent" (see posterior). Altered in Late Latin by association with Latin humare "to bury," suggesting death; the one born after the father's death obviously being the last. An Old English word for this was æfterboren, literally "after-born." Related: Posthumously.
- 1. a posthumous award for bravery
- 2. He received a posthumous award for bravery.
- 3. His family and supporters have campaigned for many years for a posthumous pardon.
- 4. Today awarded posthumous Order of Conspicuous Merit , Second Class.
- 由于功勋卓著, 今天授予二等功.
- 5. One must be a living man and a posthumous artist.
[ posthumous 造句 ]