- n. 事件，事变；插曲
- adj. [光] 入射的；附带的；易发生的，伴随而来的
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- incident:  An incident is literally that which ‘befalls’. In common with accident and occident, and a wide range of other English words, from cadaver to occasion, it comes ultimately from Latin cadere ‘fall’. This was combined with the prefix in- ‘on’ to produce incidere ‘fall on’, hence ‘befall, happen to’. Its present participial stem incident- passed into English either directly or via French.
The use of a word that literally means ‘fall’ to denote the concept of ‘happening’ is quite a common phenomenon. It occurs also in befall and chance, and operates in other languages than English; Welsh digwydd ‘happen’, for instance, is derived from cwyddo ‘fall’.
=> accident, cadence, case, occasion
- incident (n.)
- early 15c., "something which occurs casually in connection with something else," from Middle French incident and directly from Latin incidentem (nominative incidens), present participle of incidere "happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.1)). Sense of "an occurrence viewed as a separate circumstance" is from mid-15c. Meaning "event that might trigger a crisis or political unrest" first attested 1913.
- incident (adj.)
- "conducive (to), contributing (to)," early 15c., from Middle French incident (adj.) or directly from Latin
incidens, present participle of
incidere (see incident (n.)).
- 1. A member of the security forces was killed in a sniping incident.
- 2. The violation of the graves is not the first such incident.
- 3. His abhorrence of racism led him to write The Algiers Motel Incident.
- 4. The idea that she witnessed this shameful incident meant nothing to him.
- 5. The incident brings the total of people killed to fifteen.
[ incident 造句 ]