CET6+ TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. sub- => suc- "down" + cumb-.
2. => submit, sink down, lie under.
- succumb:  Someone who succumbs to something is etymologically ‘lying down under’ it. The word comes via Old French succomber from Latin succumbere, a compound verb formed from the prefix sub- ‘under’ and -cumbere ‘lie’. This verbal element also produced English incumbent and recumbent, and the non-nasalized version of its stem lies behind covey, incubate, incubus, and succubus.
=> covey, incubate, incumbent, recumbent
- succumb (v.)
- late 15c., from Old French succomber "succumb, die, lose one's (legal) case," and directly from Latin succumbere "submit, surrender, yield, be overcome; sink down; lie under; cohabit with," from sub "down" (see sub-) + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). Originally transitive; sense of "sink under pressure" is first recorded c. 1600. As a euphemism for "to die," from 1849. Related: Succumbed; succumbing.
- 1. I was determined not to succumb to the virus.
- 2. The Minister said his country would never succumb to pressure.
- 3. Don't succumb to the temptation to have just one cigarette.
- 4. Malnourished children are more likely to succumb to infections.
- 5. He said the United States was not willing to engage in a search for partial solutions — to succumb, as he put it, to a siren song.
[ succumb 造句 ]