- n. 小礼拜堂，小教堂；礼拜
- adj. 非国教的
- n. (Chapel)人名；(法)沙佩尔；(英)查普尔
CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. cap, cape => chapel.
词源同cap, 帽子。该词来自法国守护圣人St.Martin, 其在暴风雪之夜不忍见一乞丐受冻，将其所披斗篷割下一半给这个乞丐御寒，没曾想这一乞丐为耶稣所化身来考验他的善心的，St.Martin成功的经受了考验，最终封圣，而这一半斗篷也成为圣物在教堂保存。
- chapel:  Chapel has a very specific source: it was originally applied to the shrine built to preserve the cloak (late Latin cappa) of St Martin of Tours as a holy relic. The diminutive form of cappa was cappella, and this came to be applied to the building itself, gradually being broadened out subsequently to any moderately sized place of worship. The word reached English via Old French chapele. The church functionary who guarded St Martin’s cloak was known by the derivative term cappellānus, source of English chaplain .
- chapel (n.)
- early 13c., from Old French chapele (12c., Modern French chapelle), from Medieval Latin cappella "chapel, sanctuary for relics," literally "little cape," diminutive of Late Latin cappa "cape" (see cap (n.)); by tradition, originally in reference to the sanctuary in France in which the miraculous cape of St. Martin of Tours, patron saint of France, was preserved; meaning extended in most European languages to "any sanctuary." (While serving Rome as a soldier deployed in Gaul, Martin cut his military coat in half to share it with a ragged beggar. That night, Martin dreamed Christ wearing the half-cloak; the half Martin kept was the relic.)
- 1. Sister Francesca entered the chapel, took her seat, and promptly fell asleep.
- 2. His recently completed chapel for Fitzwilliam is attracting favourable comment.
- 3. The paintings in the chapel were perhaps a thousand years old.
- 4. You will see the chapel on the hill to your left.
- 5. Architecturally, the chapel would be the perfect match for the school.
[ chapel 造句 ]