- vt. 擦破；擦热；擦痛；激怒
- vi. 擦伤；磨擦；激怒
- n. 擦伤；气恼
- n. (Chafe)人名；(尼日利)沙费；(英)蔡菲
来自拉丁词calefacere, 擦热。cal, 热，见calorie, 卡路里, -fac, 做，使，见fact, beautify.现词现义主要指激怒。
- chafe (v.)
- early 14c., chaufen, c. 1300, "be provoked;" late 14c. in literal sense "to make warm, to heat," also intransitive, "to grow warm or hot," especially (early 15c.) "to warm by rubbing," from Old French chaufer "heat, warm up, become warm" (12c., Modern French chauffer), from Vulgar Latin *calefare, from Latin calefacere "to make hot, make warm," from calere "be warm" (see calorie) + facere "to make, do" (see factitious).
Figurative sense from late 14c. include now-obsolete "kindle (joy), inspire, make passionate" as well as "provoke, vex, anger." Sense of "make sore by rubbing" first recorded 1520s. Related: Chafed; chafing.
- 1. His wrists began to chafe against the cloth strips binding them.
- 2. I see him chafe and fret at every pore.
- 3. The foaming waves chafe against the rocky shore.
- 4. A stiff collar may chafe your neck.
- 5. She turned him in the bed so that the sheets wouldn't chafe his skin into sores.
[ chafe 造句 ]