词源同希腊语, basileus, 国王。形容该蛇头昂起时如同国王的王冠。
- basilisk:  Greek basilískos meant literally ‘little king’ – it was a diminutive of basiléus ‘king’, source also of English basil  (probably from the herb’s use by the Greeks in certain royal potions) and of English basilica  (a church built originally on the plan of a royal palace). The Greeks used it for a ‘goldcrested wren’, but also for a type of serpent, and it is this latter use which developed into the fabulous monster of classical and medieval times, whose breath and glance could kill. The name was said by Pliny to be based on the fact that the basilisk had a crown-shaped mark on its head.
=> basil, basilica
- basilisk (n.)
- c. 1300, from Latin basiliscus, from Greek basiliskos "little king," diminutive of basileus "king" (see Basil); said by Pliny to have been so called because of a crest or spot on its head resembling a crown.
The basilisk has since the fourteenth century been confused with the Cockatrice, and the subject is now a complicated one. [T.H. White, "The Bestiary. A Book of Beasts," 1954]Its breath and glance were said to be fatal. The South American lizard so called (1813) because it, like the mythical beast, has a crest. Also used of a type of large cannon, throwing shot of 200 lb., from 1540s.
- 1. After mating a basilisk pair remains together for several months.
- 2. When the enemy a distance of 15 feet or so from the basilisk, the basilisk charges.
- 当敌人离蜥怪在15尺之内时, 蜥怪会开始冲锋.
[ basilisk 造句 ]