rear

英 [rɪə] 美 [rɪr]
  • vt. 培养;树立;栽种
  • vi. 暴跳;高耸
  • adv. 向后;在后面
  • adj. 后方的;后面的;背面的
  • n. 后面;屁股;后方部队
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rear 抚养,养育

来自古英语 raeran,升起,上升,来自 Proto-Germanic*risana,上升,举起,来自 PIE*rei,上升, 举起,词源同 rise,raise.引申词义抚养,养育。

rear 后面的,屁股

来自(缩写自)拉丁语 retro,后面的,词源同 retroactive,retrospect.引申俚语词义屁股。

rear
rear: There are two separate words rear in English. The older, ‘raise’ [OE], is a descendant of prehistoric Germanic *raizjan, which also produced Old Norse reisa, source of English raise. The Germanic verb denoted literally ‘cause to rise’, and was derived from *reisan, which evolved into English rise. Rear ‘hind’ [16] is descended ultimately from Latin retrō- ‘behind’, but it is not clear whether it came into the language as an abbreviation of arrear [18], which goes back via Old French arere to medieval Latin adretrō ‘to the rear’ (the Anglo- Norman noun areres existed in the 14th century, so the chronological disparity may not be crucial), or was extracted from rearguard [15], a borrowing from Old French rereguarde.
=> raise, rise; arrear, retro
rear (n.)
"hindmost part," c. 1600, abstracted from rerewarde "rear guard, hindmost part of an army or fleet" (mid-14c.), from Anglo-French rerewarde, Old French rieregarde, from Old French adverb riere "behind" (from Latin retro "back, behind;" see retro-) + Old French garde (see guard (n.)). Or the word may be a shortened form of arrear (see arrears).

As a euphemism for "buttocks" it is attested from 1796. Rear admiral is first attested 1580s, apparently so called from ranking "behind" an admiral proper. Rear-view (mirror) is recorded from 1926.
rear (v.1)
Old English ræran "to raise, build up, create, set on end; arouse, excite, stir up," from Proto-Germanic *raizijanau "to raise," causative of *risanan "to rise" (see raise (v.)). Meaning "bring into being, bring up" (as a child) is recorded from early 15c.; that of "raise up on the hind legs" is first recorded late 14c. Related: Reared; rearing.
rear (adj.)
c. 1300, from Old French rere (see rear (n.)).
rear (v.2)
"attack in the rear," 17c., from rear (n.).
1. Those electing to smoke will be seated at the rear.
那些想吸烟的人将坐在后排。

来自柯林斯例句

2. He settled back in the rear of the taxi.
他靠坐在出租车的后排座上。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Musicians played at the front and rear of the procession.
乐师们在队前和队尾表演。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The Lord Mayor follows at the rear in his gilded coach.
市长大人坐在他阔气的马车里在后面跟着。

来自柯林斯例句

5. This nippy new car has fold down rear seats.
这辆速度很快的新车配有可以放倒的后座。

来自柯林斯例句

[ rear 造句 ]