1. calligraphy => kaleidoscope.
2. => beautiful-shape viewer.
- kaleidoscope:  Greek kalós meant ‘beautiful’ (it was related to Sanskrit kalyāna ‘beautiful’). It has given English a number of compound words: calligraphy , for instance, etymologically ‘beautiful writing’, callipygian , ‘having beautiful buttocks’, and callisthenics , literally ‘beauty and strength’. The Scottish physicist Sir David Brewster used it, along with Greek eidos ‘shape’ and the element -scope denoting ‘observation instrument’, to name a device he invented in 1817 for looking at rotating patterns of coloured glass – a ‘beautiful-shape viewer’.
=> calligraphy, callisthenics
- kaleidoscope (n.)
- 1817, literally "observer of beautiful forms," coined by its inventor, Scottish scientist David Brewster (1781-1868), from Greek kalos "beautiful" (see Callisto) + eidos "shape" (see -oid) + -scope, on model of telescope, etc. They sold by the thousands in the few years after their invention, but Brewster failed to secure a patent.
Figurative meaning "constantly changing pattern" is first attested 1819 in Lord Byron, whose publisher had sent him one of the toys. As a verb, from 1891. A kaleidophone (1827) was invented by English physicist Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802-1875) to make sound waves visible.
- 1. This city is a kaleidoscope of colours, smells, and sounds.
- 这个城市是各种颜色 、 气味和声音的万花筒.
- 2. The search lights and the fireworks made the sky a kaleidoscope of colour.
- 3. The bazaar was a kaleidoscope of strange sights and impressions.
- 4. His paintings are a kaleidoscope of gorgeous colours.
- 5. A kaleidoscope is an optical toy.
[ kaleidoscope 造句 ]