- n. 庇护；避难所；遮盖物
- vt. 保护；使掩蔽
- vi. 躲避，避难
- n. (Shelter)人名；(英)谢尔特
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
可能改写自 sheld,盾，来自 shield 的旧拼写形式，-er,表物。引申词义保护，遮蔽，庇护等。
- shelter:  The origins of shelter are unclear, but the most usually accepted explanation is that it is an alteration of the now obsolete sheltron. This denoted a body of troops which protected itself in battle with a covering of joined shields. It was descended from Old English scieldtruma, a compound formed from scield, the ancestor of modern English shield, and truma ‘troop’.
- shelter (n.)
- 1580s, "structure affording protection," possibly an alteration of Middle English sheltron, sheldtrume "roof or wall formed by locked shields," from Old English scyldtruma, from scield "shield" (see shield (n.)) + truma "troop," related to Old English trum "firm, strong" (see trim).
If so, the original notion is of a compact body of men protected by interlocking shields. OED finds this "untenable" and proposed derivation from shield + -ture. Figurative sense is recorded from 1580s; meaning "temporary lodging for homeless poor" is first recorded 1890 in Salvation Army jargon; sense of "temporary home for animals" is from 1971. Related: Shelterless.
- shelter (v.)
- 1580s, "to screen, protect," from shelter (n.); in the income investment sense, from 1955. Meaning "to take shelter" is from c. 1600. Related: Sheltered; sheltering.
- 1. The number of families seeking shelter rose by 17 percent.
- 2. Many are sleeping in the open because they have no shelter.
- 3. When it rained I rigged up a partial shelter with a tarpaulin.
- 4. No shelter was available for miles around in this treeless landscape.
- 5. They took refuge in a bomb shelter.
[ shelter 造句 ]