- n. 罪行，犯罪；罪恶；犯罪活动
- vt. 控告……违反纪律
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*krei, 区分，筛选，词源同crisis, discriminate. 即区分出来的非法行为。
- crime:  Crime is one of a wide range of English words (including certain, crisis, critic, decree, discern, discrete, discriminate, excrement, riddle ‘sieve’, secret, and secretary) which come ultimately from or are related to the Greek verb krínein ‘decide’. This was a relative of Latin cernere ‘decide’, from whose root evolved the noun crīmen ‘judgment, accusation, illegal act’. This passed via Old French crimne (later crime) into English, where traces of the original meaning ‘accusation’ survived until the 17th century.
=> certain, critic, decree, discriminate, excrement, secret
- crime (n.)
- mid-13c., "sinfulness," from Old French crimne (12c., Modern French crime), from Latin crimen (genitive criminis) "charge, indictment, accusation; crime, fault, offense," perhaps from cernere "to decide, to sift" (see crisis). But Klein (citing Brugmann) rejects this and suggests *cri-men, which originally would have been "cry of distress" (Tucker also suggests a root in "cry" words and refers to English plaint, plaintiff, etc.). Meaning "offense punishable by law" is from late 14c. The Latin word is glossed in Old English by facen, also "deceit, fraud, treachery." Crime wave first attested 1893, American English.
- 1. It was a crime of espionage and carried the death penalty.
- 2. The President could continue to bash Democrats as being soft on crime.
- 3. The sum of evidence points to the crime resting on them.
- 4. Somewhat ingenuously, he explains how the crime may be accomplished.
- 5. The crime was so base that everyone wanted to hush it up.
[ crime 造句 ]