来自古诺斯语 hreindyri,来自 dyr,动物，鹿，词源同 deer,鹿，hreinn,驯鹿，来自 PIE*ker,角， 词源同 horn.该词 rein-本身已经表示鹿，与 rein（缰绳）没有词源联系，巧合的是，这种鹿 确实大量的被人工驯养并用于拉雪橇。
- reindeer (n.)
- c. 1400, from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse hreindyri "reindeer," from dyr "animal" (see deer) + hreinn, by itself the usual name for the animal, from Proto-Germanic *khrinda- (cognates: Old English hran "reindeer;" German Renn "reindeer," which was altered by folk etymology influence of rennen "to run;" Swedish ren-ko "female reindeer," with ko "cow" (n.)).
Probably from PIE *krei-, from base *ker- (1) "horn, head," with derivatives referring to horned animals (both male and female reindeer have horns; those of the male are remarkable), and thus perhaps cognate with Greek krios "ram" (see kerato-). Older sources connect it to words in Lapp or Finnish. French renne, Spanish reno, Italian renna ultimately are from Germanic.
- 1. Reindeer receded northward and eastward, and bison and horse followed.
- 驯鹿向北方和东方撤退, 野牛和马也随之而去.
来自英汉非文学 - 历史
- 2. The life of the Reindeer men was a frontier life.
- 3. The herd of reindeer was being trailed by a pack of wolves.
- 4. I thought the magical reindeer made The sleighs fly.
- 5. Their traditional livelihood revolves around reindeer, which number about 200,000 in Finland.
[ reindeer 造句 ]