- adj. 灰色的；苍白的；灰白头发的；阴郁的
- n. 灰色；暗淡的光线
- vi. 成为灰色或灰白
- vt. 使成灰色或灰白
- n. (Gray)人名；(意)格拉伊；(英、法、葡、瑞典)格雷
CET4 TEM4 CET6
来自PIE*gher, 照耀，照明。此处指微光，灰白色。词义演变比较brown, 来自PIE*bher, 照耀，照明，词源同bright.
- gray (adj.)
- "of a color between white and black; having little or no color or luminosity," Old English græg "gray" (Mercian grei), from Proto-Germanic *grewa- "gray" (cognates: Old Norse grar, Old Frisian gre, Middle Dutch gra, Dutch graw, Old High German grao, German grau), with no certain connections outside Germanic. French gris, Spanish gris, Italian grigio, Medieval Latin griseus are Germanic loan-words. The spelling distinction between British grey and U.S. gray developed 20c. Expression the gray mare is the better horse in reference to households ruled by wives is recorded from 1540s.
- gray (n.)
- c. 1200, from gray (adj.). Gray as figurative for "Southern troops in the U.S. Civil War" is first recorded 1863, in reference to their uniform color.
- gray (v.)
- "become gray, wither," 1610s (with an isolated instance from late 14c.), from gray (adj.). Related: Grayed; graying.
- 1. His hair was disheveled, and his face was unshaven and gray.
- 2. Lovett was a tall, commanding man with a waxed gray mustache.
- 3. I saw this nice-looking man in a gray suit.
- 4. She tried to blow a gray strand of hair from her eyes.
- 5. In the mornings the sky appeared a heavy shade of mottled gray.
[ gray 造句 ]