CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. dis- "apart" + stinct-.
2. => separate by pricking.
3. => separate, discriminate.
- distinct:  Etymologically, distinct is the past participle of distinguish. It comes from distinctus, past participle of Latin distinguere ‘separate, discriminate’ (source, via the present stem of Old French distinguer, of English distinguish ). This was a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘apart’ and the verbal element -stinguere ‘prick, stick’, and hence meant originally ‘separate by pricking’ (-stinguere, related to English stick and instigate, is not found as an independent verb in Latin in the sense ‘prick’, but stinguere does occur in the remote metaphorical meaning ‘quench’ – a development mirrored in German ersticken ‘stifle, suffocate’ – which lies behind English extinct and extinguish). Distingué is an early 19th-century adoption of the past participle of French distinguer.
=> distinguish, extinct, instigate, stick
- distinct (adj.)
- late 14c., originally past participle of distincten (c. 1300) "to distinguish," from Old French distincter, from Latin distinctus, past participle of distinguere (see distinguish). Related: Distinctness.
- 1. The lighthouse beam was quite distinct in the gathering dusk.
- 2. Editorially, they never really became a unique distinct product.
- 3. Modern linguistics emerged as a distinct field in the nineteenth century.
- 4. Engineering and technology are disciplines distinct from one another and from science.
- 5. Another Cup marathon between the two sides is now a distinct possibility.
[ distinct 造句 ]