- n. 圆；循环；一回合；圆形物
- adj. 圆的；完全的；大概的；肥胖的
- adv. 在周围；迂回地；朝反方向；挨个
- vt. 完成；围捕；绕行；弄圆
- vi. 进展；变圆；环行；发胖
- prep. 附近；绕过；大约；在…周围
- n. (Round)人名；(英)朗德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语 rotundus,圆的，词源同 rotund,rotate.引申诸相关词义。
- round:  Round goes back ultimately to Latin rotundus ‘round’, source of English rotund. In Vulgar Latin this became *retundus, which passed into Old French as reont, later ront. Its stem form rond- gave English round. Derivatives to have reached English include prune ‘cut branches’, rondo , roundel , and roundelay ; but surround, despite the similarity, is not related.
=> rota, rotund
- round (adj.)
- late 13c., from Anglo-French rounde, Old French roont (12c., Modern French rond), probably originally *redond, from Vulgar Latin *retundus (source also of Provençal redon, Spanish redondo, Old Italian ritondo), from Latin rotundus "like a wheel, circular, round," related to rota "wheel" (see rotary).
As an adverb from c. 1300; as a preposition from c. 1600. In many uses it is a shortened form of around. The French word is the source of Middle Dutch ront (Dutch rond), Middle High German runt (German rund) and similar Germanic words.
Of numbers from mid-14c., from earlier sense "full, complete, brought to completion" (mid-14c., notion of symmetry extended to that of completeness). First record of round trip is from 1844, originally of railways. Round heels attested from 1926, in reference to incompetent boxers, 1927 in reference to loose women, in either case implying an inability to avoid ending up flat on one's back.
- round (n.)
- early 14c., "a spherical body," from round (adj.) and Old French roond. Compare Dutch rond, Danish and Swedish rund, German runde, all nouns from adjectives. Meaning "large round piece of beef" is recorded from 1650s. Theatrical sense (in phrase in the round) is recorded from 1944. Sense of "circuit performed by a sentinel" is from 1590s; that of "recurring course of time" is from 1710. Meaning "song sung by two or more, beginning at different times" is from 1520s. Golfing sense attested from 1775. Meaning "quantity of liquor served to a company at one time" is from 1630s; that of "single bout in a fight or boxing match" is from 1812; "single discharge of a firearm" is from 1725. Sense of "recurring session of meetings or negotiations" is from 1964.
- round (v.)
- late 14c., "to make round," from round (adj.). Sense of "make a circuit round" is from 1590s. Sense of "bring to completeness" is from c. 1600; meaning "to approximate (a number)" is from 1934. Meaning "turn round and face, turn on and assault" is from 1882. Round out "fill up" is from 1856. Related: Rounded; rounding.
- 1. It was just then that I chanced to look round.
- 2. I shivered and pulled my scarf more tightly round my neck.
- 3. He tramped hurriedly round the lake towards the garden.
- 4. Stars appeared everywhere, spinning round and round, faster and faster.
- 5. We sat round the fire to keep ourselves warm.
[ round 造句 ]