英 [spɪt] 美 [spɪt]
  • vi. 吐痰;吐口水;发出劈啪声
  • vt. 吐,吐出;发出;发射
  • n. 唾液
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1. 专家把它吐出来了。
spit 吐,唾,怒斥

来自拟声词根辅音丛 sp-,吐,喷出,比较 spate,spew,spit,spout,sputter.

spit 烤肉扦

来自古英语 spitu,烤肉扦,来自 Proto-Germanic*spituz,尖刺,来自 PIE*spei,尖刺,尖点,词 源同 spike,spire.

spit: English has two words spit in current usage. Spit ‘eject saliva’ [OE] is one of a sizable group of English words beginning sp- which denote ‘ejecting or discharging liquid’. Others include spew [OE], spout [14], spurt [16], and sputter [16]. They all go back ultimately to an Indo- European base *spyēu-, *spyū-, etc, imitative of the sound of spitting, which also produced Latin spuere ‘spit’ (source of English cuspidor [18] and sputum [17]).

The immediate source of spit itself was the prehistoric Germanic base *spit-, a variant of which, *spāt-, produced English spittle [15] (originally spattle, but changed through association with spit). Spit for roasting things on [OE] comes from a prehistoric Germanic *spituz, which also produced German spiess and Dutch spit.

=> cuspidor, spew, spout, spurt, sputter, sputum
spit (v.1)
"expel saliva," Old English spittan (Anglian), spætan (West Saxon), transitive and intransitive, past tense *spytte, from Proto-Germanic *spitjan, from PIE *sp(y)eu-, of imitative origin (see spew (v.)). Not the usual Old English word for this; spætlan (see spittle) and spiwan are more common; all are from the same root. To spit as a gesture of contempt (especially at someone) is in Old English. Related: Spat; spitting.
spit (n.1)
"saliva," early 14c., from spit (v.1). Meaning "the very likeness" in modern use is attested from 1825 (as in spitting image, attested from 1887); compare French craché in same sense. Spit-curl (1831) was originally considered colloquial or vulgar. Military phrase spit and polish first recorded 1895.
spit (n.2)
"sharp-pointed rod for roasting meat," late Old English spitu "a spit," from Proto-Germanic *spituz (cognates: Middle Dutch and Dutch spit, Swedish spett (which perhaps is from Low German), Old High German spiz, German Spieß "roasting spit," German spitz "pointed"), from PIE *spei- "sharp point" (see spike (n.1)). This is also the source of the word meaning "sandy point" (1670s). Old French espois, Spanish espeto "spit" are Germanic loan-words. The verb meaning "to put on a spit" is recorded from c. 1200.
spit (v.2)
c. 1200, "put on a spit, thrust with a spit," from late Old English sputtian "to spit" (for cooking), from spit (n.2). Meaning "pierce with a weapon, transfix, impale" is from early 15c. Related: Spitted; spitting. Nares' Glossary has spit-frog "a small sword."
1. The gang thought of hitting him too, but decided just to spit.


2. Notices in the waiting room requested that you neither smoke nor spit.


3. She roasted the meat on a spit.


4. The travellers looked weather - beaten , there was little spit and polish.
旅客们满面风尘, 仪容不整.


5. If you must spit at all, please spit in the bucket provided.
如果你非吐不可, 就请吐到备好的痰桶里.


[ spit 造句 ]