- vt. 巩固，加强；用水泥涂；接合
- vi. 粘牢
- n. 水泥；接合剂
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
来自PIE*skei, 砍，劈，词源同excise, scissor . -ment, 名词后缀。原指劈下的小石块，后指水泥。
- cement:  Latin caementa meant ‘stone chips used for making mortar’; etymologically, the notion behind it was of ‘hewing for a quarry’, for it was originally *caedmenta, a derivative of caedere ‘cut’ (from which English gets concise and decide). In due course the signification of the Latin word passed from ‘small broken stones’ to ‘powdered stone (used for mortar)’, and it was in this sense that it passed via Old French ciment into English.
=> concise, decide
- cement (n.)
- c. 1300, from Old French ciment "cement, mortar, pitch," from Latin cæmenta "stone chips used for making mortar" (singular caementum), from caedere "to cut down, chop, beat, hew, fell, slay" (see -cide). The sense evolution from "small broken stones" to "powdered stones used in construction" took place before the word reached English.
- cement (v.)
- c. 1400, from cement (n.) or Old French cimenter. Figurative use from c. 1600. Related: Cemented; cementing.
- 1. The gym teachers lined us up against the cement walls.
- 2. In the old days, television was the cement of society.
- 3. A puppy stepped in the fresh cement.
- 4. The earth-moving trucks and cement mixers lay idle.
- 5. He had spent several hours mixing cement.
[ cement 造句 ]