- vt. 停止；堵塞；断绝
- vi. 停止；中止；逗留；被塞住
- n. 停止；车站；障碍；逗留
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 stoppian,关闭，塞住，来自 Proto-Germanic*stuppona,关闭，塞住，可能来自 PIE*steup,扩大形式自 PIE*steu,推，击，打，词源同 stoop,type,stuff.引申诸相关词义。
- stop:  ‘Close an opening, plug’ is the original meaning of stop. It comes via Old English *stoppian (recorded only in compounds) from a prehistoric Germanic *stoppōn ‘plug up’ (source also of English stuff). The sense ‘halt’ emerged in Middle English from the notion of ‘preventing a flow by blocking a hole’.
- stop (v.)
- Old English -stoppian (in forstoppian "to stop up, stifle"), a general West Germanic word, cognate with Old Saxon stuppon, West Frisian stopje, Middle Low German stoppen, Old High German stopfon, German stopfen "to plug, stop up," Old Low Frankish (be)stuppon "to stop (the ears)."
These words are said by many sources to be a Germanic borrowing of Vulgar Latin *stuppare "to stop or stuff with tow or oakum" (source of Italian stoppare, French étouper "to stop with tow"), from Latin stuppa "coarse part of flax, tow." In support of this theory, it is said that plugs made of tow were used from ancient times in Rhine valley. Century Dictionary says this "suits phonetically," but "is on grounds of meaning somewhat doubtful." Barnhart, for one, proposes the whole Germanic group might be native, from a base *stoppon.
Sense of "bring or come to a halt, discontinue" (mid-15c.) is from notion of preventing a flow by blocking a hole, and the word's development in this sense is unique to English, though it since has been widely adopted in other languages; perhaps influenced by Latin stupere "be stunned, be stupefied." Intransitive meaning "check oneself" is from 1680s. Meaning "make a halt or stay, tarry" is from 1711. Stop-light is from 1922; stop-sign is from 1918. Stop-motion is from 1851, originally of looms. Related: Stopped; stopping.
- stop (n.)
- late 14c., "a plug;" mid-15c., "a cessation," from stop (v.). Of mechanisms of musical instruments from c. 1500, especially of organs, where opening them makes it produce more sound, hence figurative phrase pull out the stops (1909). From 1660s in phonetics, 1831 in photography. Meaning "a stopping place" is from 1889. To put a stop to some activity is from 1670s (earlier give a stop to, 1580s).
- 1. The criticisms will not stop people flocking to see the film.
- 2. When I asked him to stop, he would not listen.
- 3. He insisted we stop at a small restaurant just outside of Atlanta.
- 4. He proposed a new diplomatic initiative to try to stop the war.
- 5. I saw Louise walking slowly to the bus stop.
[ stop 造句 ]