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dis-, 分开。-str, 拉紧，词源同strict, stress. 即拉紧，包括，用来指地区，区域。
- district:  District started life as the past participle of the verb which gave English distrain  and strain. It came via French district from medieval Latin districtus; this meant literally ‘seized, compelled’, and hence was used as a noun in the sense ‘seizure of offenders’, and hence ‘exercise of justice’, and finally ‘area in which justice is so exercised (in the feudal system)’.
This was the word’s meaning when it was first borrowed into English, and it was not really until the early 18th century that its much more general modern application developed. Districtus was the past participle of Latin distringere, a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘apart’ and stringere ‘pull tight’ (source of English strain, strict, stringent, stress, etc).
In classical times it meant ‘draw apart, detain, hinder’, but by the Middle Ages this had moved on to ‘seize, compel’, which were the main senses in which it entered English as distrain (via Old French destreindre). Latin districtus was also the source of a Vulgar Latin noun *districtia ‘narrowness’, which passed via Old French destresse into English as distress .
=> distrain, distress, strain, stress, strict, stringent
- district (n.)
- 1610s, "territory under the jurisdiction of a lord or officer," from French district (16c.), from Medieval Latin districtus "restraining of offenders, jurisdiction," then under the feudal system "area of jurisdiction," noun use of past participle of Latin distringere "hinder, detain" (see distress). Used vaguely of "any tract of land" from 1712. District attorney attested by 1789, American English.
- 1. The District Council made a weekly collection of refuse.
- 2. The district council agreed with the objectors and turned down the application.
- 3. The defense wants the district Judge to throw out the case.
- 4. Street committees keep a weather eye on the families in their district.
- 5. The Los Alamos district is solidly Republican.
[ district 造句 ]