TEM4 IELTS TOEFL
de-, 向下，离开。-tri, 转，磨，词源同turn, attrition. 即刮下，磨损，引申义伤害。
- detriment:  Etymologically, detriment denotes damage caused by ‘wearing away’. The word comes via Old French from Latin dētrīmentum, a derivative of dēterere ‘wear away’ (whose past participle is the source of English detritus ). This was a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘away’ and terere ‘rub’ (from which English gets attrition and trite). The generalized metaphorical sense ‘harm’ had already developed in classical Latin.
=> attrition, detritus, trite
- detriment (n.)
- early 15c., from Middle French détriment or directly from Latin detrimentum "a rubbing off; a loss, damage, defeat," from past participle stem of detere "to wear away," figuratively "to weaken, impair," from de- "away" (see de-) + terere "to rub, wear" (see throw (v.)).
- 1. These difficulties have been overcome without detriment to performance.
- 2. He sits up very late to the detriment of his health.
- 3. Smoking is a detriment to one's health.
- 4. Children spend too much time on schoolwork, to the detriment of other activities.
- 5. We should study all these subjects equally well and not stress English to the detriment of the rest.
[ detriment 造句 ]