- vt. 判断；审判
- n. 法官；裁判员
- vi. 审判；判决
- n. (Judge)人名；(英)贾奇
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1、ju- / jus- + dic- => jude (虚拟的一个复合词) => judge.
2、-d- <=> -dg-.
3. Etymologically, a judge is someone who 'speaks the law'.
- judge:  Etymologically, a judge is someone who ‘speaks the law’. The word comes via Old French juge from Latin jūdex, which was originally a compound noun made up of jūs ‘law’ and the element -dicus ‘speaking’ (related to English diction, dictionary, etc). Parallel formations to have reached English are juridical  and jurisdiction , while derivatives of jūdex itself include judicature , judicial , judiciary , and judicious .
=> diction, dictionary, judicious, jury, just
- judge (v.)
- c. 1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.
- judge (n.)
- mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (as in Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.
- 1. He stood emotionless as he heard the judge pass sentence.
- 2. I gather his report is highly critical of the trial judge.
- 3. The judge called the decision "a flagrant violation of international law"
- 4. The defence counsel warned that the judge should stop the trial.
- 5. There was pandemonium in court as the judge gave his summing-up.
[ judge 造句 ]