1、ger- "carry, act, do" + -und.
2、字面意思：that which is to be done.
3、那种正在被做的动作、过程、状态。=> 动名词。=> 可以理解为动作性名词、动词性名词。
来自词根ger, gest, 含有，带来，词源同exaggerate, gesture. 用于语言学术语。
- gerund (n.)
- 1510s, from Late Latin gerundium (also gerundivus modus), from Latin gerundum "to be carried out," gerundive of gerere "to bear, carry" (see gest). In Latin, a verbal noun used for all cases of the infinitive but the nominative; applied in English to verbal nouns in -ing. "So called because according to the old grammarians, the gerund prop[erly] expressed the doing or the necessity of doing something" [Century Dictionary]. Gerund-grinder "instructor in Latin grammar," also "pedant," is from 1710.
- 1. In English grammar, the gerund has exactly the same form as the present participle.
- 英语语法中, 动名词具有与现在分词完全一样的形式.
- 2. Gerund is used partly as a noun, partly as a verb.
- 动名词部分当作名词, 部分当作动词.
- 3. The word " worth " can be construed with a gerund in active voice.
- “ worth ” 一词可与主动语态的动名语连用.
- 4. You've got mixed up by the use of participle and gerund.
- 5. The only country where won't hear such a gerund is Britain.
[ gerund 造句 ]