- n. 幼子，次子；实习生；候补军官；陆海军官学校的学员
- n. （法）卡代（人名）；（英）卡德特（人名）
来自词根cap, 头。字母p脱落，插入字母d. 即小头领，未来的领导者。
- cadet:  Etymologically, a cadet is a ‘little head’. Its original meaning in English was ‘younger son or brother’, and it came from French cadet, an alteration of a Gascon dialect term capdet ‘chief’. This in turn derived from Vulgar Latin *capitellus ‘little head’, a diminutive form of Latin caput ‘head’ (from which English also gets captain and chief).
The reason for its apparently rather strange change in meaning from ‘chief’ to ‘younger son’ seems to be that the younger sons of Gascon families were in former times sent to the French court to fulfil the role of officers. When English borrowed French cadet, it did so not only in a form that retained the original spelling, but also as caddie or cadee, which originally meant ‘young officer’.
The Scottish version, caddie, gradually developed in meaning over the centuries through ‘person who runs errands’ to, in the 19th century, ‘golfer’s assistant’. Cad, originally ‘unskilled assistant’ , is an abbreviation of caddie or cadee.
=> captain, chief
- cadet (n.)
- c. 1610, "younger son or brother," from French cadet "military student officer," noun use of adjective, "younger" (15c.), from Gascon capdet "captain, chief, youth of a noble family," from Late Latin capitellum, literally "little chief," hence, "inferior head of a family," diminutive of Latin caput "head" (see capitulum). "The eldest son being regarded as the first head of the family, the second son the cadet, or little head" [Kitchin].
Apparently younger sons from Gascon noble families were sent to French court to serve as officers, which gave the word its military meaning. In English, the meaning "gentleman entering the military as a profession" is from 1650s, and that of "student at a military college" is from 1775.
- 1. Nicholas is a new cadet.
- 2. At that time every cadet had to be'smuggled " in.
- 每个学员都得“潜越 ” 入境.
- 3. He is a West Point cadet now.
- 4. He works as a cadet teacher.
- 5. Is that part of the training here, Cadet, smelling body parts?
- 那是这儿训练的一部分吗, 学员, 闻尸体的部位?
[ cadet 造句 ]