- vt. 烤，焙；烘，烘烤；暴露于某种热力下以得温暖
- vi. 烤；烘
- adj. 烘烤的；烤过的
- n. 烤肉；烘烤
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. 读成 roa (肉) 的拼音 => 烤肉。
来自古法语 rostir,烤，来自 Proto-Germanic*raustijana,烤，来自 PIE*reus,烤，词源同 rotisserie.
- roast:  Roast can be traced back ultimately to a prehistoric West Germanic term for a ‘metal grid for cooking things on’. From this was derived the verb *raustjan, which evolved into German rösten and Dutch roosten. There is no trace of it in Old English, however: English got it via Old French rostir, which had been borrowed from Germanic. A derivative of Dutch roosten was rooster ‘gridiron’. The resemblance between a gridiron pattern and lines ruled on paper led to the metaphorical use of rooster for ‘list, table’ – whence English roster .
- roast (v.)
- late 13c., "to cook by dry heat," from Old French rostir "to roast, burn" (Modern French rôtir), from Frankish *hraustjan (cognate with Old High German rosten, German rösten, Middle Dutch roosten "to roast"), originally "cook on a grate or gridiron," related to Germanic words meaning "gridiron, grate;" such as German Rost, Middle Dutch roost.
Intransitive sense "be very hot, be exposed to great heat" is from c. 1300. The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. From the same source as roster. Related: Roasted; roasting. Roast beef first recorded 1630s (French rosbif is from English).
- roast (n.)
- early 14c., "meat roasted or for roasting;" see roast (v.). Meaning "a roasting" is from 1580s. Sense of "an unmerciful bantering" is from 1740.
- 1. He decided on roast chicken and vegetables, with apple pie to follow.
- 2. A tantalising aroma of roast beef fills the air.
- 3. Come into the kitchen. I've got to put the roast in.
- 4. It was always roast lamb and canned peas for Sunday lunch.
- 5. Her husband's memories are of living off roast chicken and drinking whisky.
[ roast 造句 ]