- n. 球；舞会
- vi. 成团块
- vt. 捏成球形
- n. (Ball)人名；(土)巴勒；(英、西)鲍尔；(法、德、俄、罗、捷)巴尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
1.球，来自PIE *bhel(2), 膨胀，鼓，词源同bawl, 碗。
2.跳舞，来自PIE *gwele, 扔，投，见ballistics. 最早的舞蹈通常与狂热的宗教仪式相关，因而词义由扔，投过渡到舞蹈。
- ball: There are two distinct words ball in English. The ‘round object’  comes via Old Norse böllr from a prehistoric Germanic *balluz (source also of bollock [OE], originally a diminutive form). A related form was Germanic *ballōn, which was borrowed into Italian to give palla ‘ball’, from which French probably acquired balle.
Derivatives of this branch of the family to have reached English are balloon , from French ballon or Italian ballone, and ballot , from the Italian diminutive form ballotta (originally from the use of small balls as counters in secret voting). The Germanic stem form *bal-, *bul- was also the ultimate source of English bowl ‘receptacle’.
The ‘dancing’ ball  comes from French bal, a derivative of the now obsolete verb bal(l)er ‘dance’, which was descended via late Latin ballāre from Greek ballízein ‘dance’. Related words in English include ballad(e) , which came via Old French from Provençal balada ‘song or poem to dance to’, and ballet.
=> ballon, ballot, bollock; ballad, ballet
- ball (n.1)
- "round object," Old English *beal, from or corresponding to Old Norse bollr "ball," from Proto-Germanic *balluz (cognates: Old High German ballo, German Ball), from PIE root *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see bole).
Meaning "testicle" is from early 14c. Ball of the foot is from mid-14c. A ball as an object in a sports game is recorded from c. 1200; To have the ball "hold the advantage" is from c. 1400. To be on the ball is 1912, from sports. Ball-point pen first recorded 1946. Ball of fire when first recorded in 1821 referred to "a glass of brandy;" as "spectacularly successful striver" it is c. 1900.
- ball (n.2)
- "dancing party," 1630s, from French, from Old French baller "to dance," from Late Latin ballare "to dance," from Greek ballizein "to dance, jump about" (see ballistics). Hence, "very enjoyable time," 1945, American English slang, perhaps back to 1930s in black slang.
- ball (v.)
- 1650s, "make into a ball," from ball (n.1). Sense of "to become like a ball" is 1713; that of "to copulate" is first recorded 1940s in jazz slang, either from the noun sense of "testicle" or "enjoyable time" (from ball (n.2)). Related: Balled; balling.
- 1. The ball fell straight to the feet of Klinsmann.
- 2. This little ball of gold weighs a quarter of an ounce.
- 3. Dave pulled a back muscle and could barely kick the ball.
- 4. Your partner should then pass the ball back to you.
- 5. The ball is made of rattan — a natural fibre.
[ ball 造句 ]