- adj. 坚强的；强壮的；牢固的；擅长的
- adv. 强劲地；猛烈地
- n. (Strong)人名；(英)斯特朗
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 strong,强壮的，强大的，狂暴的，暴力的，来自 Proto-Germanic*strangaz,紧的， 硬的，来自 PIE*streng,*strenk,紧的，拉紧，词源同 strict,string,stringent.引申诸相关词义。
- strong: [OE] Strong comes from a prehistoric Germanic *stranggaz (its immediate Germanic siblings have now died out, but German streng ‘severe’ is quite closely related). It went back ultimately to a base denoting ‘stiffness’ or ‘tautness’, which also produced English string.
- strong (adj.)
- Old English strang "physically powerful, powerful in effect; forceful, severe, firm, bold, brave; constant, resolute; arduous, violent," from Proto-Germanic *strangaz (cognates: Old Norse strangr "strong," Dutch streng "strict, rigorous," Old High German strang "strong, bold, hard," German streng "strict, rigorous"), possibly from PIE *strenk- "tight, narrow." Originally compared strenger, strengest (compare old/elder/eldest).
Grammatical sense, of noun and verb inflections, is first attested 1841, translating German stark, used in a grammatical sense by J. Grimm (the terms strong and weak better fit German inflections). Strong suit (1865) is from card-playing. Strong man "man of great strength" (especially one who displays it professionally) is recorded from 1690s; meaning "dominating man in a political organization" is from 1859.
- strong (adv.)
- Old English strange "strongly, violently, severely, furiously" (alongside strongly), from the same source as strong (adj.). Going strong (1898) is from racing. To come on strong was originally come it strong (1812).
- 1. The rescuers were beaten back by strong winds and currents.
- 2. In New Zealand, the Maori people maintain a strong cultural tradition.
- 3. She's going to be fine. She always was pretty strong.
- 4. She was a fairly rigid person who had strong religious views.
- 5. He is known for his political savvy and strong management skills.
[ strong 造句 ]