CET6 TEM8 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL
1. repair => impair.
2. from assimilated form of in- "into, in" (see in- (2)) + Late Latin peiorare "make worse" (see pejorative).
3. pejorative => impair.
- impair:  If to repair something is to ‘put it right’, it seems logical that to impair something should be to ‘make it wrong’. In fact, though, logic has nothing to do with it, for the two words are quite unrelated. Repair comes ultimately from Latin parāre ‘make ready’, whereas impair goes back via Old French empeirier to Vulgar Latin *impējōrāre ‘make worse’.
- impair (v.)
- late 14c., earlier ampayre, apeyre (c. 1300), from Old French empeirier (Modern French empirer), from Vulgar Latin *impeiorare "make worse," from assimilated form of in- "into, in" (see in- (2)) + Late Latin peiorare "make worse" (see pejorative). In reference to driving under the influence of alcohol, first recorded 1951 in Canadian English. Related: Impaired; impairing.
- 1. Tiredness can seriously impair your ability to drive.
- 2. It can not impair the intellectual vigor of the young.
- 3. The author's half drunken state did not in the least impair his eminence in my eyes.
- 4. A recurrence of such an oversight could impair our amicable relations.
- 5. To weaken, injure, or impair, often by degrees or imperceptibly; sap.
- 逐渐损坏;暗中破坏:削弱 、 伤害或损害, 常是逐渐地或很轻微地; 使衰弱.
[ impair 造句 ]