CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
杜撰词，来自捷克语 robota,奴隶，被奴役者，做苦工者，来自 PIE*orbu,剥夺，失去，特指 失去父母的小孩，词源同 orphan.
- robot:  Robot is a Czech contribution to English. It comes from robota ‘forced labour, drudgery’, a word related to German arbeit ‘work’. It was used by the Czech dramatist Karel Čapek in his play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) 1920 for ‘mechanical people constructed to do menial tasks’. English acquired it via German robot, and the first record of it in an English text comes from 1923.
- robot (n.)
- 1923, from English translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech robotnik "slave," from robota "forced labor, compulsory service, drudgery," from robotiti "to work, drudge," from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic rabota "servitude," from rabu "slave," from Old Slavic *orbu-, from PIE *orbh- "pass from one status to another" (see orphan). The Slavic word thus is a cousin to German Arbeit "work" (Old High German arabeit). According to Rawson the word was popularized by Karel Capek's play, "but was coined by his brother Josef (the two often collaborated), who used it initially in a short story."
- 1. They have docked a robot module alongside the orbiting space station.
- 2. They built a robot capable of understanding spoken commands.
- 3. She worked like a robot.
- 4. The robot is a marvel of modern engineering.
- 5. Also from the Slavonic family of languages comes " robot " , a Czech word in origin.
- 来自斯拉夫语族的语言中的还有robot(机器人), 它原是个捷克词语.
[ robot 造句 ]