CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. literally "one going around".
2. ambassador => embassy.
3. ambassador, also embassador.
4. ag- / act- "drive, lead, move" => 变异：ass-.
来自PIE*ambi-ag, 词源同ambassador. 来自PIE*ambi, 两边，周围，见ambient，-ag, 做，见agent. -ss，过去分词后缀。原指国王的封臣，后指大使。
- embassy:  Ultimately, embassy comes from the same source as ambassador, the Vulgar Latin verb *ambactiāre ‘go on a mission’ (a derivative, via a rather circuitous route, of Latin ambactus ‘vassal’, which was of Celtic origin). From the verb was derived the Old French noun ambassade, which was borrowed into English in the 15th century but was gradually supplanted from the 16th century onwards by embassy, acquired from another Old French derivative ambassee.
- embassy (n.)
- 1570s, "position of an ambassador," from Middle French embassee "mission, charge, office of ambassador," Old French ambassee, from Italian ambasciata, from Old Provençal ambaisada "office of ambassador," from Gaulish *ambactos "dependant, vassal," literally "one going around," from PIE *amb(i)-ag-to, from *ambi- (see ambi-) + *ambi- "around" (see ambi-) + *ag- "to drive, move" (see act (n.)).
Meaning "official residence and retinue of an ambassador" is from 1764. In earlier use were embassade (late 15c.), ambassade (early 15c.), from Old French variant ambassade.
- 1. Embassy security personnel refused to admit him or his wife.
- 2. One young policeman stood guard outside the locked embassy gates.
- 3. Light and water in embassy buildings were cut off.
- 4. The embassy official claimed diplomatic immunity and was later released.
- 5. Police fired on them as they fled into the embassy compound.
[ embassy 造句 ]