CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- citizen:  The Latin word for ‘citizen’ was cīvis. From it was formed the derivative cīvitās ‘citizenship, city state’, from which English gets city. From this in turn a new derivative was formed in Vulgar Latin, *cīvitātānus ‘citizen’, replacing the original cīvis. This found its way, much changed, into Old French as citeain (whence modern French citoyen). Anglo- Norman altered the Old French form to citezein, possibly on analogy with Anglo-Norman deinzein ‘denizen’.
- citizen (n.)
- early 14c., "inhabitant of a city," from Anglo-French citezein (spelling subsequently altered, probably by influence of denizen), from Old French citeien "city-dweller, town-dweller, citizen" (12c., Modern French citoyen), from cite (see city) + -ain (see -ian). Replaced Old English burhsittend and ceasterware. Sense of "inhabitant of a country" is late 14c. Citizen's arrest recorded from 1941; citizen's band (radio) from 1947. Citizen of the world (late 15c.) translates Greek kosmopolites.
- 1. I invite every citizen to carefully study the document.
- 2. She's Italian by birth but is now an Australian citizen.
- 3. She became a US citizen.
- 4. It is obligatory on every citizen to safeguard our great motherland.
- 5. He became a British citizen, thereby gaining the right to vote.
- 他成了英国公民, 因而得到了投票权.
[ citizen 造句 ]