1. de- + -bacle "to bar" => debacle "unbar, free".
2. bacillus, bacteria => Latin baculum "stick" => debacle.
3. "downfall, collapse, disaster", a figurative use, literally "breaking up (of ice on a river)," extended to the violent flood that follows when the river ice melts in spring.
de-, 不，非，使相反。 -bacle, 杆，棍，支撑，词源同 bachelor, bacteria.即移除支撑，引申义崩溃。
- débâcle:  A débâcle is etymologically an ‘act of unbarring’, the notion behind it being that once a restraining bar is removed, a rush of disasters follows. It was borrowed at the start of the 19th century (originally in the technical geological sense of a ‘sudden violent surge of water in a river’) from French, where it was a derivative of débâcler, a verb formed from dé- ‘de-, un-’ and bâcler ‘bar’. This was acquired from Provençal baclar ‘bar a door’, which came from medieval Latin *bacculāre, a derivative of Latin bacculus ‘stick’ (responsible also for English bacillus and bacterium).
=> bacillus, bacterium
- debacle (n.)
- "disaster," 1848, from French débâcle "downfall, collapse, disaster" (17c.), a figurative use, literally "breaking up (of ice on a river)," extended to the violent flood that follows when the river ice melts in spring; from débâcler "to free," from Middle French desbacler "to unbar," from des- "off" + bacler "to bar," from Vulgar Latin *bacculare, from Latin baculum "stick" (see bacillus). Sense of "disaster" was present in French before English borrowed the word.
- 1. Many men were shot or captured in the debacle.
- 2. The Argentine debacle has important lessons to teach.
- 3. After the debacle of the war the world was never the same again.
- 4. His first performance was a debacle : the audience booed him off the stage.
- 他的首场演出 一败涂地,观众发出嘘声把他轰下了台.
- 5. The convention was a debacle.
[ debacle 造句 ]