- adj. 孤儿的；无双亲的
- n. 孤儿
- vt. 使成孤儿
CET6+ TEM4 CET4 考 研 CET6
- orphan (v.)
- 1814, from orphan (n.). Related: Orphaned; orphaning.
- orphan (n.)
- c. 1300, from Late Latin orphanus "parentless child" (source of Old French orfeno, Italian orfano), from Greek orphanos "orphaned, without parents, fatherless," literally "deprived," from orphos "bereft," from PIE *orbho- "bereft of father," also "deprived of free status," from root *orbh- "to change allegiance, to pass from one status to another" (cognates: Hittite harb- "change allegiance," Latin orbus "bereft," Sanskrit arbhah "weak, child," Armenian orb "orphan," Old Irish orbe "heir," Old Church Slavonic rabu "slave," rabota "servitude" (see robot), Gothic arbja, German erbe, Old English ierfa "heir," Old High German arabeit, German Arbeit "work," Old Frisian arbed, Old English earfoð "hardship, suffering, trouble"). As an adjective from late 15c.
- 1. I'm an orphan and pretty much grew up on my own.
- 2. He was an orphan and lived with his uncle.
- 3. When his parents were killed in an accident, he became an orphan.
- 当他的父母在事故中丧生之后, 他便成了孤儿.
- 4. He brought up the orphan and passed onto him his knowledge of medicine.
- 5. The orphan had been reared in a convent by some good sisters.
[ orphan 造句 ]