- adj. 残酷的，残忍的；使人痛苦的，让人受难的；无情的，严酷的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- cruel:  Aptly, cruelty and crudeness are closely linked etymologically. Cruel comes via Old French cruel from Latin crūdēlis, a relative of Latin crūdus (which actually meant ‘cruel’ as well as ‘raw’ and ‘bloody’). Both come ultimately from an Indo-European base which also produced English raw, Greek kréas ‘flesh’ (whence English creosote and pancreas), and Old Slavic kruvi ‘blood’. (Crude is a 14thcentury borrowing direct from Latin.)
=> creosote, crude, pancreas, raw
- cruel (adj.)
- early 13c., from Old French cruel (12c.), earlier crudel, from Latin crudelis "rude, unfeeling; cruel, hard-hearted," related to crudus "rough, raw, bloody" (see crude). Related: Cruelly. Latin medial -d- began to disappear 10c. in French: compare chance/cadentia, cheoir/cadere, joyeux/gaudiosus, juif/judaeus, moyen/medianus, obéir/obedire, séance/sedentia.
- 1. He is still the butt of cruel jokes about his humble origins.
- 2. These cruel devices are designed to stop prisoners bending their legs.
- 3. Marion's father counter-attacked by saying that Blaze's claims were cruel and untrue.
- 4. The detainees are often held in cruel and inhuman conditions.
- 5. The wind was not as sharp and cruel as it had been.
[ cruel 造句 ]