- adj. 害羞的；畏缩的，胆怯的
- vi. 投；畏缩；惊退；厌恶
- vt. 投；乱掷
- n. 投掷；惊跳
- n. (Shy)人名；(英)夏伊
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 sceoh,害羞的，来自 Proto-Germanic*skiuhwaz,害羞的，畏惧的，可能来自 PIE*skeu, 隐藏，遮盖，词源同 hide,shun.shy 投掷，乱扔
词源不详，可能来自 shoot 俚语形式，常见于游戏名 coconut shy.
- shy: Shy ‘timid, reserved’ [OE] goes back to a prehistoric Germanic *skeukhwaz ‘afraid’ (source also of English eschew and skew). It is generally assumed that shy ‘throw’  must have come from it, but the exact nature of the relationship between the two words is not clear. The original application of the verb seems to have been specifically to the throwing of sticks at chickens, and it has been suggested, not altogether convincingly, that its use alludes to the notion of a ‘shy’ cockerel that refuses to fight (there was an 18th- and early 19th-century slang term shy-cock which meant ‘cowardly person’).
=> eschew, skew
- shy (adj.)
- late Old English sceoh "timid, easily startled," from Proto-Germanic *skeukh(w)az "afraid" (cognates: Middle Low German schüwe, Dutch schuw, German scheu "shy;" Old High German sciuhen, German scheuchen "to scare away"). Uncertain cognates outside Germanic, unless in Old Church Slavonic shchuti "to hunt, incite." Italian schivare "to avoid," Old French eschiver "to shun" are Germanic loan-words. Meaning "lacking, short of" is from 1895, American English gambling slang. Related: Shyly; shyness.
- shy (v.1)
- "to throw (a missile) with a jerk or toss," 1787, colloquial, of unknown origin and uncertain connection to shy (adj.). Related: Shied; shying.
- shy (v.2)
- "to recoil," 1640s, from shy (adj.). Related: Shied; shying.
- 1. She was a shy, delicately pretty girl with enormous blue eyes.
- 2. I was something of a wallflower; I was terribly shy.
- 3. He's quiet and a bit on the shy side.
- 4. The publicity-shy singer spoke frankly in his first interview in three years.
- 5. Her normally shy son had come out of his shell.
[ shy 造句 ]