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- poem:  A poem is etymologically ‘something created’. The word comes via Old French poeme and Latin poēma from Greek póēma, a derivative of poeín ‘make, create’. The original sense ‘something created’ developed metaphorically via ‘literary work’ to ‘poem’. From the same Greek verb was derived poētés ‘maker’, hence ‘poet’, which produced Latin poēta and in due course English poet  (the Old English word for ‘poet’ had been scop, a relative of modern English scoff). Poetry  originated as a medieval Latin derivative of poēta. Poesy ‘poetry, poems’ , like poem originally a derivative Greek poeín, now has an archaic air, but it has a living descendant in posy , which started life as a contraction of poesy.
=> poesy, poet, poetry, posy
- poem (n.)
- 1540s (replacing poesy in this sense), from Middle French poème (14c.), from Latin poema "composition in verse, poetry," from Greek poema "fiction, poetical work," literally "thing made or created," early variant of poiema, from poein, poiein, "to make or compose" (see poet). Spelling pome, representing an ignorant pronunciation, is attested from 1856.
- 1. At my brother's high school graduation the students recited a poem.
- 2. Whatever its obscurities, the poem was clear on at least one count.
- 3. To write and publish this poem was a daring, transgressive act.
- 4. He sees the poem as a celebration of human love.
- 5. They must each compose a poem in strict alliterative metre.
[ poem 造句 ]