CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研
com-, 强调。-ple, 装满，满的，词源同full, fulfill. 即补足，顺从。拼写受ply影响。
- comply:  Like accomplish, complete, complement, and compliment, comply comes from Latin complēre ‘fill up, finish’. It was originally acquired in the 14th century, via Old French complire, but does not seem to have survived, and the sudden explosion in its use in the early 17th century represents a new borrowing, from Italian complire. Italian had the word from Spanish cumplir, in which the meaning ‘be courteous’ had developed. This passed into English, and though long defunct, seems to have been the basis of the modern English sense ‘be amenable or obedient’. Compliant  is an English development.
=> complete, compliant, compliment
- comply (v.)
- early 14c., "to fulfill, carry out," from Old French compli, past participle of complir "to accomplish, fulfill, carry out," from Vulgar Latin *complire, from Latin complere "to fill up" (see complete (adj.)). Meaning influenced by ply (v.2). Sense of "to consent" began c. 1600 and might have been a reintroduction from Italian, where complire had come to mean "satisfy by 'filling up' the forms of courtesy."
- 1. Some beaches had failed to comply with European directives on bathing water.
- 2. The commander said that the army would comply with the ceasefire.
- 3. They refused to comply with the UN resolution.
- 4. Failure to comply with these conditions will result in termination of the contract.
- 5. The factory was closed for failing to comply with government safety regulations.
[ comply 造句 ]