- n. 洞，孔；洞穴，穴；突破口
- vi. 凿洞，穿孔；（高尔夫球等）进洞
- vt. 凿洞
- n. (Hole)人名；(瑞典、挪)霍勒；(英)霍尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- hole: [OE] Etymologically, a hole is a ‘hollow’ place. It originated as a noun use of the Old English adjective hol ‘hollow’ which, together with German hohl, Dutch hol, and Danish hul, all meaning ‘hollow’, goes back to a prehistoric German *khulaz. The source of this is disputed, but it may be related to Indo-European *kel- ‘cover, hide’ (source of English apocalypse, cell, cellar, conceal, hall, hell, helmet, hull ‘pod’, and occult). The semantic connection is presumably that a place that is ‘deep’ or ‘hollowed out’ is also ‘hidden’.
=> apocalypse, cell, conceal, hall, hell, helmet, occult
- hole (n.)
- Old English hol "orifice, hollow place, cave, perforation," from Proto-Germanic *hul (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Old High German hol, Middle Dutch hool, Old Norse holr, German hohl "hollow," Gothic us-hulon "to hollow out"), from PIE root *kel- (2) "to cover, conceal" (see cell).
As a contemptuous word for "small dingy lodging or abode" it is attested from 1610s. Meaning "a fix, scrape, mess" is from 1760. Obscene slang use for "vulva" is implied from mid-14c. Hole in the wall "small and unpretentious place" is from 1822; to hole up first recorded 1875. To need (something) like a hole in the head, applied to something useless or detrimental, first recorded 1944 in entertainment publications, probably a translation of a Yiddish expression such as ich darf es vi a loch in kop.
- hole (v.)
- "to make a hole," Old English holian "to hollow out, scoop out" (see hole (n.)). Related: Holed; holing.
- 1. He admitted that the government was in "a dreadful hole".
- 2. Dig a largish hole and bang the stake in first.
- 3. A plug had been inserted in the drill hole.
- 4. To avoid damaging the tree, hammer a wooden peg into the hole.
- 5. Our superior technology is our ace in the hole.
[ hole 造句 ]