英 美 ['ɡælvənaɪz]
TEM8 GRE TOEFL
1. 路易吉·阿罗西奥·伽伐尼（拉丁文：Luigi Aloysius Galvani）是意大利医生、物理学家与哲学家，现代产科学的先驱者。他在意大利博洛尼亚出生和逝世。在1780年，他发现死青蛙的腿部肌肉接触电火花时会颤动，从而发现神经元和肌肉会产生电力。他是第一批涉足生物电领域研究的人物之一，这一领域在今天仍然在研究神经系统的电信号和电模式。
- galvanize:  The verb galvanize commemorates the work of Italian physicist Luigi Galvani (1737–98), who in 1762 discovered voltaic electricity by attaching the legs of dead frogs to pairs of different metals. It was first used literally, for the production of muscular spasms by electrical means (Sydney Smith in 1825: ‘Galvanize a frog, don’t galvanize a tiger’), but by the mid-19th century it was being employed figuratively, for ‘stimulate, spur’. The sense ‘coat electrolytically with metal’, dates from the 1830s.
- galvanize (v.)
- 1801, "stimulate by galvanic electricity," from French galvaniser, from galvanisme (see galvanism). Figurative sense of "excite, stimulate (as if by electricity)" first recorded 1853 (galvanic was in figurative use in 1807). Meaning "to coat with metal by means of galvanic electricity" (especially to plate iron with tin, but now typically to plate it with zinc) is from 1839.
He'll swear that in her dancing she cuts all others out,
Related: Galvanized; galvanizing.
Though like a Gal that's galvanized, she throws her legs about.
[Thomas Hood, "Love has not Eyes," 1845]
- 1. Still , the major countries have been unable to galvanize themselves into action.
- 2. How can we galvanize the students into studying hard?
- 3. Will it galvanize this team in some way? Who knows?
- 这将会刺激这个球队 吗?
- 4. Would democracy galvanize opposition to reforms?
- 民主会阻碍改革 吗 ?
- 5. To galvanize or plate ( metal ) by immersion.
[ galvanize 造句 ]