- vt. 节约，吝惜；饶恕；分出，分让
- vi. 饶恕，宽恕；节约
- adj. 多余的；瘦的；少量的
- n. 剩余；备用零件
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. sp- + are => spare.
2. 专家们都是很节省的、节约的。=> 他们一天到晚搞研究，哪儿有什么时间花钱啊，所以他们往往都会有不少多余的、空闲的钱。
来自古英语 sparian,匀出，赦免，免于伤害，来自 Proto-Germanic*sparona,保存，节省，留出， 来自 PIE*sper,挣取，节省，使多产，来自 PIE*spe,繁盛，繁荣，词源同 speed,prosper.引申古 英语形容词 spaer,节省的，节俭的，及诸相关词义。
- spare (adj.)
- "kept in reserve, not used, provided or held for extra need," late 14c., from or from the same root as spare (v.). Old English had spær "sparing, frugal." Also compare Old Norse sparr "(to be) spared." In reference to time, from mid-15c.; sense of "lacking in substance; lean, gaunt; flimsy, thin; poor," is recorded from 1540s. Spare part is attested from 1888. Spare tire is from 1894 of bicycles; 1903 of automobiles; 1961 of waistlines.
- spare (v.)
- Old English sparian "to refrain from harming, be indulgent to, allow to go free; use sparingly," from the source of Old English spær "sparing, frugal," from Proto-Germanic *sparaz (cognates: Old Saxon sparon, Old Frisian sparia, Old Norse spara, Dutch sparen, Old High German sparon, German sparen "to spare"). Meaning "to dispense from one's own stock, give or yield up," is recorded from early 13c. Related: Spared; sparing.
- spare (n.)
- "extra thing or part," 1640s, from spare (adj.). The Middle English noun sense was "a sparing, mercy, leniency" (early 14c.). Bowling game sense of "an advantage gained by a knocking down of all pins in two bowls" is attested from 1843, American English.
- 1. In her spare time she read books on cooking.
- 2. He spends his spare time visiting schools to warn pupils off drugs.
- 3. She was thin and spare, with a sharply intelligent face.
- 4. They've never had anything spare — they've always used it all.
- 5. In the future the machines will need spare parts and maintenance.
[ spare 造句 ]