- vt. 击溃
- vi. 搜寻
- n. 溃败；暴动
- n. (Rout)人名；(英、捷)劳特；(法)鲁特
2. rob, rape, rip, rupture <====> bereave, corrupt, disrupt, robe, rout, route, rover, rubbish, rubble, rupture.
来自中古法语 route,溃败的军队，来自拉丁语 rupta,分开的，断开的，来自 rumpere,分开，断 开，词源同 rip,rob,rupture.
- rout: English has two words rout. ‘Disorderly retreat’  comes via archaic French route ‘dispersed group’ and Italian rotta ‘breakage’ from Vulgar Latin *rupta, a noun use of the past participle of Latin rumpere ‘break’ (source of English corrupt, disrupt , erupt, and rupture and related to English rob). Other English descendants of *rupta are route, routine, and rut. Rout ‘dig with the nose’, hence ‘search, rummage’  is a variant form of root.
=> corrupt, disrupt, erupt, rob, robe, route, routine, rupture, rut; root
- rout (n.)
- 1590s, "disorderly retreat following a defeat," from Middle French route "disorderly flight of troops," literally "a breaking off, rupture," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," literally "a broken group," from noun use of Latin rupta, fem. past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)).
The archaic English noun rout "group of persons, assemblage," is the same word, from Anglo-French rute, Old French route "host, troop, crowd," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," here with sense of "a division, a detachment." It first came to English meaning "group of soldiers" (early 13c.), also "gang of outlaws or rioters, mob" (c. 1300) before the more general sense developed 14c. Also as a legal term. A rout-cake (1807) was one baked for use at a reception.
- rout (v.)
- "drive into disordered flight by defeat," c. 1600, from rout (n.). Related: Routed; routing.
- 1. The enemy was put to rout all along the line.
- 2. The people's army put all to rout wherever they went.
- 3. Zidane completed the rout with a low shot from the edge of the penalty area.
- 4. The main forces put all to rout wherever they went.
- 5. The enemy troops were put to rout all along the line.
[ rout 造句 ]