- num. 十个，十
- n. (Ten)人名；(英)坦恩；(意)泰恩；(柬)登
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 ten,来自 Proto-Germanic*tehun,来自 PIE*dekmt,十，词源同 dean,December,进一 步来自*de,二，词源同 di-,二，*kmt,手。字面意思即两只手。
- ten: [OE] Ten is part of a general European family of ‘ten’-words which goes back ultimately to prehistoric Indo-European *dekm. This also produced Greek déka (source of English dean and decade and the prefix deca-), Latin decem (source of English December, decimal, decimate, dime, etc), and Russian désyat’. Its Germanic descendant was *tekhan, which has evolved into German zehn, Dutch tien, Swedish tio, Danish ti, and English ten. Also related are teen and tithe.
=> dean, decade, december, decimal, decimate, dime, teen, tithe
- ten (n., adj.)
- Old English ten (Mercian), tien (West Saxon), adjective and noun, from Proto-Germanic *tehun (cognates: Old Saxon tehan, Old Norse tiu, Danish ti, Old Frisian tian, Old Dutch ten, Dutch tien, Old High German zehan, German zehn, Gothic taihun "ten").
The Germanic words are from PIE *dekm "ten" (cognates: Sanskrit dasa, Avestan dasa, Armenian tasn, Greek deka, Latin decem (source of Spanish diez, French dix), Old Church Slavonic deseti, Lithuanian desimt, Old Irish deich, Breton dek, Welsh deg, Albanian djetu "ten").
Meaning "ten o'clock" is from 1712. Tenner "ten-pound note" is slang first recorded 1861; as "ten-dollar bill," 1887 (ten-spot in this sense dates from 1848). The Texan's exaggerated ten-gallon hat is from 1919. The ten-foot pole that you wouldn't touch something with (1909) was originally a 40-foot pole; the notion is of keeping one's distance, the same as in the advice to use a long spoon when you dine with the devil. Ten-four "I understand, message received," is attested in popular jargon from 1962, from use in CB and police radio 10-code (in use in U.S. by 1950).
- 1. She embroidered on this theme for about ten minutes.
- 2. They sat talking and necking in the car for another ten minutes.
- 3. They used to buy ten kilos of beef in one lump.
- 4. They clocked off duty and left at ten to three.
- 5. The patient rates the therapies on a scale of zero to ten.
[ ten 造句 ]