- n. 先生；（用于姓名前）爵士；阁下；（中小学生对男教师的称呼）先生；老师
- n. （苏丹、德）西尔（人名）
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古法语 sire,阁下，主，缩写自拉丁语 senior,长者，老者，即 senior.后作为对男士的尊称。
- sir:  In common with many other European terms of address for men (such as monsieur and señor), sir goes back ultimately to Latin senior ‘older’ (source also of English senior). This was reduced in Vulgar Latin to *seior, which found its way into Old French as *sieire, later sire. English borrowed this as sire , which in weakly-stressed positions (prefixed to names, for instance) became sir.
Other titles based on senior that have found their way into English include French monsieur  (literally ‘my sire’), together with its plural messieurs , abbreviated to messrs ; French seigneur ; Spanish señor ; and Italian signor . Surly  is an alteration of an earlier sirly ‘lordly’, a derivative of sir.
The meaning ‘grumpy’ evolved via an intermediate ‘haughty’.
=> senator, senior, sire, surly
- c. 1300, title of honor of a knight or baronet (until 17c. also a title of priests), variant of sire, originally used only in unstressed position. Generalized as a respectful form of address by mid-14c.; used as a salutation at the beginning of letters from early 15c.
- 1. Sir Robert made his announcement after talks with the President.
- 2. Sir Denis took one look and sent it back.
- 3. Sir Geoffrey had no personal animosity towards the Prime Minister.
- 4. "We need proof, sir." Another pause. Then, "Very well."
- 5. Ben Brantley's article on Sir Ian McKellen rekindled many memories.
[ sir 造句 ]