- n. 树荫；阴影；阴凉处；遮阳物；（照片等的）明暗度；少量、些微；细微的差别
- vt. 使阴暗；使渐变；为…遮阳；使阴郁；掩盖
- vi. （颜色、色彩等）渐变
- n. (Shade)人名；(英、德)谢德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 scead,遮盖，树阴，来自 Proto-Germanic*skadwaz,遮盖，来自 PIE*skot,遮盖，掩 盖，黑暗，可能来自 PIE*skeu,隐藏，遮盖，词源同 shoe,hide.引申诸相关词义。
- shade: [OE] Shade and shadow  are ultimately the same word. Both originated in Old English sceadu. Shade is the direct descendant of this, whereas shadow comes from its inflected form sceaduwe. Sceadu itself went back via prehistoric Germanic *skathwō (source also of German schatten and Dutch schaduw) to Indo- European *skotwá (whence also Greek skótos ‘darkness’ and Welsh cysgod ‘shade’). Shed ‘hut’ probably originated as a variant of shade.
=> shadow, shed
- shade (n.)
- Middle English schade, Kentish ssed, from late Old English scead "partial darkness; shelter, protection," also partly from sceadu "shade, shadow, darkness; shady place, arbor, protection from glare or heat," both from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz (cognates: Old Saxon skado, Middle Dutch scade, Dutch schaduw, Old High German scato, German Schatten, Gothic skadus), from PIE *skot-wo-, from root *skot- "dark, shade" (cognates: Greek skotos "darkness, gloom," Albanian kot "darkness," Old Irish scath, Old Welsh scod, Breton squeut "darkness," Gaelic sgath "shade, shadow, shelter").
Figurative use in reference to comparative obscurity is from 1640s. Meaning "a ghost" is from 1610s; dramatic (or mock-dramatic) expression "shades of _____" to invoke or acknowledge a memory is from 1818, from the "ghost" sense. Meaning "lamp cover" is from 1780. Sense of "window blind" first recorded 1845. Meaning "cover to protect the eyes" is from 1801. Meaning "grade of color" first recorded 1680s; that of "degree or gradiation of darkness in a color" is from 1680s (compare nuance, from French nue "cloud"). Meaning "small amount or degree" is from 1782.
- shade (v.)
- c. 1400, "to screen from light or heat," from shade (n.). From 1520s as "to cast a shadow over;" figurative use in this sense from 1580s. Sense in painting and drawing is from 1797. In reference to colors, 1819. Related: Shaded; shading.
- 1. His writing benefits from the shade of Lincoln hovering over his shoulder.
- 2. In the mornings the sky appeared a heavy shade of mottled gray.
- 3. The temperature soared to above 100 degrees in the shade.
- 4. The only shade was under the body of the plane.
- 5. Umbrellas shade outdoor cafes along winding cobblestone streets.
[ shade 造句 ]