英 [ɪn'krəʊtʃ; en-]
TEM8 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1. crook => croc "hook" => *croach "hook".
2. en- "in" + *croach "hook".
3. => literally "catch with a hook, catch in a hook", hence "seize".
4. => seize wrongfully. => intrude, trespass.
5. 同源词：crook, crotch, crutch, crouch, encroach, crochet, crocket, croquet.
en-, 进入，使。-croach, 钩子，词源同crook, crochet.
- encroach:  Something that encroaches on something else literally seizes it with its ‘hooks’. The word was borrowed from Old French encrochier ‘catch in a hook’, hence ‘seize’. This was a compound formed from the prefix en- and croc ‘hook’ (source of English crochet, crocket, and croquet), a noun borrowed from Old Norse krókr ‘hook’ (source of English crook). The verb’s original use in English was transitive, in the sense ‘seize wrongfully’; the modern sense ‘intrude, trespass’ did not develop until the 16th century.
=> crochet, crook, croquet
- encroach (v.)
- late 14c., "acquire, get," from Old French encrochier "seize, fasten on, hang on (to), cling (to); hang up, suspend," literally "to catch with a hook," from en- "in" (see en- (1)) + croc "hook," from Old Norse krokr "hook" (see crook (n.)). Sense extended to "seize wrongfully" (c. 1400), then "trespass" (1530s). Related: Encroached; encroaches; encroaching.
- 1. I won't encroach on your time any longer.
- 2. New housing is starting to encroach upon the surrounding fields.
- 3. Any attempt to encroach upon presidential prerogatives in this domain was quickly and firmly resisted.
- 4. Traditionally men have compartmentalized their lives, never letting their personal lives encroach upon their professional lives.
- 5. The new institutions do not encroach on political power.
[ encroach 造句 ]