- vt. 支付，付；偿还，补偿；给予
- vi. 付款；偿还
- n. 工资，薪水；付款；报答
- adj. 收费的；需付费的
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
- pay:  Etymologically, to pay someone is to ‘quieten them down by giving them the money they are owed’. For the word is closely related to English peace. It comes via Old French payer from Latin pācāre ‘pacify’, a derivative of pāx ‘peace’. The notion of the irate creditor needing to be appeased by payment led to the verb being used in medieval Latin for ‘pay’. The original sense ‘pacify, please’ actually survived into English (‘Well he weened with this tiding for to pay David the king’, Cursor Mundi 1300), but by the beginning of the 16th century it had virtually died out, leaving ‘give money’ in sole possession.
=> pact, peace
- pay (v.)
- c. 1200, "to appease, pacify, satisfy," from Old French paier "to pay, pay up" (12c., Modern French payer), from Latin pacare "to please, pacify, satisfy" (in Medieval Latin especially "satisfy a creditor"), literally "make peaceful," from pax (genitive pacis) "peace" (see peace). Meaning "to give what is due for goods or services" arose in Medieval Latin and was attested in English by early 13c.; sense of "please, pacify" died out in English by 1500. Sense of "suffer, endure" (a punishment, etc.) is first recorded late 14c. Related: Paid; paying.
- pay (n.)
- c. 1300, "satisfaction, liking, reward," from pay (v.), or else from Old French paie "payment, recompense," from paier. Meaning "money given for labor or services, wages" is from late 14c.
- 1. You have to pay your outstanding bill before joining the scheme.
- 2. If they value these data, let them pay for them.
- 3. You can pay to be upgraded to a business class seat.
- 4. I'll go home and pay an overdue visit to my mother.
- 5. There is no provision for funding performance-related pay rises.
[ pay 造句 ]