- n. 线，细绳；一串，一行
- vt. 扎，缚；使排成一列，串起；伸展，拉直
- vi. 连成一串；排成一列
- n. (String)人名；(德)施特林；(瑞典)斯特林
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古英语 streng,线，绳，弦，肌腱，韧带，来自 Proto-Germanic*strangiz,线，绳子，来自
- string: [OE] String is etymologically something that has been pulled ‘taut’ or ‘stiff’. It comes from a prehistoric Germanic base *strang-, denoting ‘taut, stiff’, which also produced English strong.
- string (n.)
- Old English streng "line, cord, thread, string of a bow or harp," in plural "tackle, rigging; lineage, race," from Proto-Germanic *strangiz (cognates: Old Norse strengr, Danish streng, Middle Dutch strenge, Dutch streng, Old High German strang, German Strang "rope, cord"), from *strang- "taut, stiff," from PIE root *strenk- "tight, narrow." Gradually restricted by early Middle English to lines that are smaller than a rope. Sense of "a number of objects arranged in a line" first recorded late 15c.
Old English meaning "ligaments, tendons" is preserved in hamstring, heartstrings. Meaning "limitations, stipulations" (1888) is American English, probably from the common April Fool's joke of leaving a purse that appears to be full of money on the sidewalk, then tugging it away with an attached string when someone stoops to pick it up.
To pull strings "control the course of affairs" (1860) is from the notion of puppet theater. First string, second string, etc. in athletics (1863) is from archers' custom of carrying spare bowstrings in the event that one breaks. Strings "stringed instruments" is attested from mid-14c. String bean is from 1759; string bikini is from 1974.
- string (v.)
- c. 1400, "to fit a bow with a string," from string (n.). Meaning "to thread (beads, etc.) on a string" is from 1610s. Of musical instruments from 1520s (stringed instrument is from c. 1600). To string (someone) along is slang from 1902; string (v.) in the sense "deceive" is attested in British dialect from c. 1812; perhaps ultimately from the musical instrument sense and with a notion of "to 'tune' someone (for some purpose)." Related: Stringed (later strung); stringing.
- 1. The Doberman let out a string of roaring barks.
- 2. He held out a small bag tied with string.
- 3. A string of five rowing boats set out from the opposite bank.
- 4. The landscape is broken only by a string of villages.
- 5. The band was forced to cancel a string of live dates.
[ string 造句 ]